Island of Rhodes
The largest of the twelve islands of the Dodecanese in the Southwestern Aegean
Sometimes called "The Island of the Roses"
The island of Rhodes is in the eastern Aegean Sea, with a slightly cooler winter and summer than Athens. Of the Dodecanese islands Rhodes is the largest, with a population of 117,007. The main town on Rhodes is the city of Rhodes, with 53,000 persons, which covers the northeastern tip of the island pointed toward the Turkey mainland. Two other important cities on Rhodes are Lindos and Archangelos. Some of the villages on Rhodes are: Faliraki, Kremasti, Haraki, Pefkos, Afantou, Koskinou, Embona (aka Attavyros), Paradisi, and Trianta .
The island is approximately 226 miles (363 kilometers) from the Greek mainland, but is only 11 miles (18 kilometers) from Turkey.
Rhodes is a famous destination for vacations, the island recording on average over 300+ days of sunshine per year. The island has numerous beaches and tourist-oriented businesses catering to foreign nationals.
Outside of the city of Rhodes, the island is dotted with small villages and beach resorts, among them Faliraki, Lindos, Kremasti, Haraki, Pefkos, Archangelos, Afantou, Koskinou, Embona (Attavyros), Paradisi, and Trianta (Ialysos).
How many people visit Rhodes each year?
Some 1,717,477 persons visited Rhodes in 2011, and 1,593,298 in 2012, a 7.2% decline primarily due to austerity and economic recession in europe.
Rhodes was the location of the 'Colossus of Rhodes', one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, a massive sculpted figure whose legs spanned the opening of the islands harbor. This structure was created to celebrate the failure of the island of Cyprus' siege on Rhodes during the war between the two islands in 305 BC. The sculpture was built between 292 and 280 BC. It was destroyed by earthquake in 226 BC.
The Ottoman Empire ruled Rhodes for four centuries, and Italy took it in 1912. During the Second World War, Germany anticipated that the Italian troops on Rhodes would defect to the Allies, and so occupied the island in 1943. Shortly there after they began the abduction of the some 1,800 Jewish inhabitants of the island and sent them to extermination camps in Europe. Only approximetely 160 or so survived the war. The Rhodes Jewish community had a history dating back more than 2,000 years.
Rhodes was officially reunited with Greece in 1947.
History of Rhodes is usually divided with in these 7 main segments of history:
- Classical Period
- Roman Period
- Byzantine Period
- Knights' Period
- Ottoman Period
- Italian Period
- Modern Period
Lindos waters on coast of Island of Rhodes
Municipality of Rhodes - see the official city web site
Touris Guide to Rhodes - Official government site
The Acropolis in Athens Greece
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Greece: Biography of a Modern Nation - AMAZON - Published March 2020 - 600 Pages